diy composting pit toilet
Have you heard of an anaerobic digestion system? Soon enough, you’ll have found that composting your waste will fall into a “new normal” pattern of your life, and you’ll forget that you ever depended on a mindless flush. A portable composting toilet may also describe the kinds of DIY toilets detailed on sites such as Compost Junkie. I’ve been told to use vinegar, but I’m concerned about killing off microbes. Success! The design is based on years of experience with commercial composting toilets and works very well. In any case, sanding, two coats of varnish (or paint) and a final light sanding would tend to remove most of the discomfort, accordingly, from any board product – as well as improving the hygiene aspects of having a sealed, cleanable surface. I’m glad you found it helpful! Anything of a fine texture and mainly carbon should work. But what do you think is the best way to get rid of a full bucket if you are currently mobile and without a permanent location? It uses a 50 gallon drum, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1rqr1AbMgsU3vO7bFVobTrxZwljqbyc0RXfZflFVpb20/edit?usp=drivesdk, Thanks for this I found it really helpful That should be fine as long as the mulch is fine like straw. To keep your carbon and nitrogen levels balanced make sure to add lots of dry material such as straw. The latter requires a little more effort during potty breaks but starts off as a drier mix; the former requires less thought when nature calls, but needs a little more help attaining ideal moisture levels. I may have heard about this during our many research forays into off-grid life before we started our journey, but only in terms of huge city systems, not personal domestic ones.  Many people are deciding to shirk the wasteful ways of the water closet and reclaim responsibility for their own waste … enter the composting toilet. Place the toilet seat over your bucket or chair to finish your toilet. Knowing how to properly build a compost toilet is great for potential survival situations. The brand is Lugable Loo but I think there are others. Hi, how about a diverter for liquids for the number 1 to reduce the moisture content. So, let’s clear this out. The following designs are not all bucket-based composting toilets, but if you’re a bit handy with the hand tools and paintbrush, you can easily take inspiration from these folks and design your own style of composting creativity. That’s a tricky situation. I’m doing a school project and it would really help c: I created the one pictured using leftovers from other projects so I didn’t spend anything upfront. Sorry. I’d suggest not putting the toilet in the garden due to cross contamination risks. I think metal should be fine. ..really valuable info ESPECIALLY for a SHTF scenario in the city!..is it ok to leave full #2 bucket covered with coconut coir or such in a garage/closet or should a tightly sealed lid be put on it?… or how about transferring it to a heavy duty garbage bag? 2) If there is no way for me to spread the compost (in an emergency situation) is burning the fresh or cured compost outside an option? Toilet paper is totally safe for a DIY composting toilet. I was wondering how long it takes before having to switch out the container in this setup. You’d want a cover material that’s abundantly available in the area. Materials you need: 2 wood boards ¾” x 10” x 18” (sides of the box) 2 wood boards ¾” x 10” x 19.5” (front and back of the box) 1 plywood ¾” x 16.5” x 19.5” (top of the box) 1 plywood ¾” x 3” x 19.5” (to be hinged to the top of the box and allow for bucket removal) Place one bucket so it fits into the large hole in the plywood. And you don’t need to take my word for it. It is great to have tips on how to live a more eco lifestyle. Though I wish that everyone would make the switch to composting toilets, I know that a case needs to be made for why we should abandon centuries of public services in favor of pooping in a bucket. Toilet paper can also be used because its carbon helps in the process of composting. A better solution if you’re in a park with pit toilets might be to dispose of it there. Sawdust helps in keeping the compost moist. There seems to be a need for cross bracing to keep it from getting severe wobble. Coffee grounds are fine, but much liquid in a composting toilet will cause odor issues, so enough sawdust or other cover material would have to be added to absorb it all. Hi 2) do you have the bucket of cover material sitting by the toilet as well? After usage, add some sawdust into the chamber. No one wants to be the one who needs to use the bathroom and finds a near-to-brimming bucket. As for the frame, it’s optional, but it provides stability and can easily be built out of scrap wood. Hope that helps! What will happen to the curing bucket of waste if it freezes? And what if I choose not to compost how do I dispose of the bucket? Thanks. Here’s the Humanure Handbook’s basic design. Don’t leave the bucket for long periods of time, as it would smell really bad when it unfroze. I'd like to receive the free email course. we prime the empty buckets with dry hay or straw then use sawdust as cover/soak after each use then when the bucket is full it is taken across to the compost heap and emptied in the centre of the pile. "@type" : "Offer", I recommend collecting them in the fall for use throughout the year, and whatever you don’t use by the next fall can go straight on the garden as mulch. ^_^. I thought I had read that ashes could be used as a cover material as well, r/t or in place of straw. Ours has been full of adventure, hard work, tragedy, and fun. Microorganisms do not eat ash, and ash raises the pH of the organic mass, which hinders the reproduction of the microorganisms, which is bad. Many thanks! Make it a firm house rule: No exposed poo, ever! If I did so and then covered in fresh material? A composting toilet is a type of dry toilet that treats human waste by a biological process called composting.This process leads to the decomposition of organic matter and turns human waste into compost-like material, but does not destroy all pathogens. We know that the water table under Africa is drying up, but we have no way to check that in our area except through a dowser who operates on intuition. If it’s much too high, simply use a different bucket for quick trips. Completely cover all contents with the cover material. Thanks for sharing what’s been working for you! Though the actual act of going to the bathroom will be unchanged, your mindless flushing will be replaced with the responsibility of managing the compost-in-the-making. But it’s created with a rubber tub in the bottom. We care for the needy in 3 small, rural villages. If you use the wrong cover material, or if you don’t add enough it can smell. Use as you would any toilet. It obviously requires a more complicated setup. https://consultbrian.000webhostapp.com/. These have only recently become more widely known. I was pleased with the results, and will make a second bathroom with it one of these days. So if you notice slow composting and are using cedar, maybe try a different sawdust. Thanks for the good wishes. Model. If you do not compost or compost at a high heat, this IS NOT a safe method to use. Considering you can accomplish the same goal of closing the nutrient cycle with a $3 bucket, let’s forget the 4-figure waterless thrones, and do our dooty duty DIY-style! It’s as simple as that. DIY Composting Toilet Made From Olive Barrel. I would recommend reading the Humanure Handbook, or Gene Logdon’s book for details on how to do it safely. I know people have used peat moss and crushed dry leaves with good success. I use bokashi for household scraps and it works well. If you are a little more aesthetically inclined, however, you can really make this a comfortable and beautiful piece in your waste-free bathroom. Once used it turns to wet sawdust. At the end of the process you are left with sweet smelling, clean, and hygenic compost. But if you have trees, you have free material for the taking as near as three steps out your door. i was wondering as you say use a 3 bucket system….can I empty the contents into a larger compost bucket? We live off grid and this is exactly what we do. I’m looking at building a composting toilet in our cabin. Once you put the cover material on it’s just like flushing as far as smell goes. The trick with sawdust is it needs to be very fine to provide an immediate odor barrier. I have no experience with anaerobic composting. Leaves or chopped straw perhaps? We recently bought a ready-made portable toilet for when we’re away from home during the pandemic. Of course, the solids DO need moisture in order to break down, so leaving all the waste combined solves that problem without fuss. I had none of those things available, and had good results using wood ash from our woodburning stove. Simple DIY Composting Toilet Instructions To make a composting toilet, all that you need is a bucket, a way to keep urine out of the compost, and some dry substrate like sawdust or straw (hence why composting toilets are often called “sawdust toilets”). You would not be able to compost it if you are traveling, but you may be able to drop off the contents at an RV dump station. Composting is carried out by microorganisms (mainly bacteria and fungi) under controlled aerobic conditions. I hope that helps you figure out what’s best for you! It does not create pollution. My sister told me that solids (#2) and liquids (#1) can’t be mixed, for safety reasons. The Basic DIY Composting Toilet The French music festival Le Son Continu uses compost toilets, and although after four days they were beginning to get a teensy bit ripe, they were by far the best bogs I’ve ever used at a festival. Excellent question, Larry! Would you ever consider making the switch on your own homestead? You can mix urine and poop in a DIY composting toilet. Wow that is very interesting. I’m working on developing a packaged and affordable anaerobic digester that can be used for all of the above and am trying to gauge how interested people would be in such a technology. There is a lot out there about the benefits of Nature’s Head ($$$$) and I like the idea of compost. Drill those holes. Add a few inches of your cover material (such as sawdust) and it’s ready to use! I wish you all the best in you homestead adventure. That would essentially be an outhouse, so it would not have the odor and bacteria killing benefits of a composting toilet. We use sawdust, paper, wood ashes, and occasionally lime to keep it smelling fine. http://humanurehandbook.com/album_toilets/album_toilets.html, http://roadslesstraveled.us/dirty-little-secrets-rv-dump-station/, https://imoutreach.org/blog/conversion-of-pit-latrines-to-compost-toilets-in-papoga-uganda, http://www.ecosanres.org/pdf_files/CompostingToiletFactSheet2010.pdf. It’s a much more simple, straightforward build and setup. See more ideas about Composting toilets, Outdoor toilet, Outhouse bathroom. With the systems we already have in place, we probably wouldn’t use it on our homestead–but our personal philosophy is that we need to be able to build/fabricate/fix everything ourselves, if at all possible. You can see a similar design here in this tiny home. How on earth does number 2 not smell even if covered with sawdust??? Is this true? I’ve used a composting toilet like you describe when visiting friends. Your email address will not be published. If you are longing to get off grid, a DIY composting toilet is simple to construct and use. Less hauling is always better! Like a staggering amount. "@type" : "Product", You can also even get filtered water out of it with the correct filters. I would like to have a 2nd toilet at the cabin. You go in the bathroom, do what you’ve got to do, and then the press of a shiny lever flushes all your unpleasantries into oblivion, never to be thought of again. It really does a great job of explaining how to use a humanure system safely. When my cat peas the pellets turn into sawdust. You could buy a composting toilet system, of course, but these will run you a lot of money. What would you suggest I could clean the sides of the chute to my toilet with, please? My post is filed under What’s New > Reduce Recycle Renew – Part 1 At the end of the process you are left with sweet smelling, clean, and hygenic compost. I understand that not everyone has the space or physical ability to create this system on their own land, especially if you live in the city. I’m not familiar enough with coal dust to know if it would work. By Cathy Cromell, The National Gardening Association . Click here for information on reviews, sponsored posts, and contact information. It really depends on how much use it gets. It’s for our horse field/allotment so would only get limited use. But if you do have the desire to heal your patch of land, this change is a fantastic way to reclaim some nutrients and off-grid independence. Stand the frame up onto it’s legs. Hi there… We too have a wheelie bin but as our second container. Do you think that this will allow it to decompose properly? we are thinking about making a composting toilet in our communal vegetable garden. Please try again. you can get compostible liners these days. Author’s note: This portion of the article is NOT ENOUGH to get you started. Thanks. I have been thinking about building a composting toilet for my own use but I live in a small town. I’m planning on building a compost loo for my campervan. Hi! I was able to complete it without buying any materials. 1: Waste Buckets I hate having to take off gloves, boots etc. Most people who DIY their own composting toilet go for a variation of this design. But, then I discovered that people often confuse it for an outhouse or pit latrine. As for toilet paper, it helps offset liquid in the system, so just use normally and cover it with your cover material. That’s interesting – I have heard of bokashi which I believe is anaerobic but I haven’t heard of anyone using it for personal waste…. You need to use an absorbent, natural material (like sawdust) to cover the contents thoroughly after each use. Thanks! Plywood (see Wikipedia) consists of full-width layers of thinly sliced board. http://roadslesstraveled.us/dirty-little-secrets-rv-dump-station/. It will not break down and compost in the bucket or bag, because it needs air. So you wouldn’t want to use ashes in place of straw in your outdoor bins because you really need that bulky carbon to keep everything composting. As my husband likes to declare with a grin, “Poop completes the loop!”. The shiny stuff may not be as good though. The other concern would be that it has to reach a specific temperature before it is safe to use. YES! Emptying Your DIY Composting Toilet. Instead of flushing, cover all the contents with a thick layer of cover material. Sand will not break down the same way a high carbon material like sawdust, pine needles, or leaves would, so my guess is it wouldn’t work. If transferred to a bag should it be loosely closed off or tightly twisted closed off?? Any experience with this or information? Author: Wren Everett // Last updated on December 21, 2020 8 Comments. is the go-to resource that covers all this material in much greater detail, but I’ll give you the CliffsNotes version of composting toilet use to get you familiar. Using a composting toilet in your home will cost you far less than a regular treatment system, will save you thousands of litres of water each year and will provide you with a nutrient rich compost. The following info helps you add anaerobic composting to your repertoire. You’ll need two holes in your flooring that open into the pit, one for the toilet riser to slot into and one for a ventilation tube. If you are planning to use the finished compost on edibles make sure that it reaches an internal temperature of 122 degrees for at least one week to destroy all potential pathogens. My question is, does it smell? If I am travelling around, where can it be emptied? Much, much better than chemical toilets. Something like wood ash is continually produced as you heat your home, so no need to store a lot of it. As I mentioned earlier, make sure you have at least three additional, rinsed-out buckets on hand at all times and stored nearby outside. You are ready to (literally) go. Also, free compost can only be a good thing for our people. mosaic pieced around this outdoor earth toilet, Worm Bin Essentials: Getting Started with Vermiculture, Check this link for tons of resources on using pee innovatively. Question about this subject. Some families, however, have never built a latrine, and now that the villages are becoming more crowded, there is more danger that barefoot children will be sickened by fecal droppings. to go inside just for a quick pee! Snap-on Toilet Seat (like the Luggable Loo). Enthusiasts of composting point out that because the waste is treated on site there is a saving in water (using potable water to flush WCs is very eco-unfriendly! However I have not heard from anyone that does use it that it attracts bugs. It is odorless, and requires no water for flushing, making it an environmentally friendly option that is suitable for full-time residences, public facilities, and seasonal camps of all kinds. Glad to know I could use my little portable thing and create a compost pile in the back yard if there was a major water shortage or something. Also, unless you have a sawmill, locating enough sawdust may require a drive. As you will see, it doesn’t take much to make a composting toilet seem like a naturally elegant addition to a natural lifestyle. It looks to be an inexpensive option for a composting toilet. Every bucket-based DIY composting toilet design is based on the following materials but clothed differently for different tastes. I find this design particularly unpleasant. Plywood does sound like it would work much better than chipboard. It’s just a 5 gallon bucket with a toilet seat that snaps on the top. Since there is no water used in a DIY composting toilet system, and no need for harsh cleaning chemicals, you can really get into decorating the materials surrounding it. Some composting toilet systems mix urine and feces, others separate them. Just snap the lid on a bucket, throw in the first layer of bulk material, and DONE. I have no idea if burning the waste is safe, but I would imagine it would be very unpleasant and smelly. Composting Toilets. I built an experimental humanure toilet and used for a year on a trial basis (my bathroom is too small for two toilets!). "name" : "DIY Composting Toilet Printable", Sign up for the Backyard Orchards email course today! First, you need to establish a good supply of cover material — also sometimes referred to as “bulk material.” This is the carbon-rich stuff used to help control odors and flies and to provide a matrix for decomposition. If you wanted to build one with all new materials you could probably check online at home depot or Lowe’s for an idea of costs. Lots of DIY videos on YouTube! We have not used it long term. You don’t need to use two different buckets, in fact using two will slow down the composting process. Rather than flushing it away to become some chemicalized water quality nightmare, composting toilets recycle the nutrients in human waste, and turn it into safe and incredibly useful soil fertility. The solids in the bucket need to be composted for 2 years or so before being used as fertilizer. I am 60 years old now and have used composting toilets all my life, Wood ashes works well for a cover and saw dust works well, peat moss works well, coconut fiber works well, so here is my 2 cents on it. Hi , I’m wondering your thoughts on using a compost toilet when a person performs daily coffee enemas . Is It Safe To Use Compost Made From Treated Human Waste? The idea of regularly emptying small amounts or a bucket left for long periods isn’t attractive but we’d like somewhere for doing the necessaries while we’re at our field. The second most important part of a DIY composting toilet is the composting part. Here’s a quick tutorial on how to build a simple yet sturdy DIY composting toilet. See more ideas about composting toilet, toilet, composting toilets. Im usually in one location for less than a week. The compost bin can take many different forms, but it must be built and maintained in a specific fashion to facilitate proper composting, lack of leaching, and healthy environments for those using it. There are compost thermometers available to check temperatures. If it’s smaller than that you won’t reach hot enough temperatures. https://imoutreach.org/blog/conversion-of-pit-latrines-to-compost-toilets-in-papoga-uganda, Here’s another report that may be useful: http://www.ecosanres.org/pdf_files/CompostingToiletFactSheet2010.pdf, This is a fantastic and easy toilet. Plan on having at least four buckets for every toilet you use. If you’re not interested in composting, I suggesting using a portable toilet where you can empty the contents directly into a flush toilet where it can be safely treated at the water treatment plant. Some commercial brands of composting toilets separate the two. And since they are off-grid, they are ideal for the RV, barn, tiny home, homestead, and any household that is wise enough to punt their water-wasting flush toilet to the curb (or turn it into a hillbilly-style planter to horrify your neighbors) and embrace a new way of living. Another is that we don’t have sawdust, and since we have been replacing many wood fires with solar powered equipment, we may not have enough ashes. Thanks in advance! According to Joseph Jenkins’ “Humanure Compost Toilet System Condensed Instruction Manual” (p. 3), wood ash or coal ash are NOT suitable for cover material!! Most of us were raised on flush toilets. The Humanure Handbook has lots of details on how to successfully manage the outdoor pile here: http://humanurehandbook.com/manual.html. For this system, it’s totally fine to combine. A homemade DIY composting toilet (or ‘do it yourself’ composting toilet) may be as simple as a 5 gallon bucket with a seat, inside a wooden cabinet. Plenty of junk mail to go around. (w/ video), The Brave Chickens Who Protect Us From Viral Epidemics, 13 Useful & Fun Gifts For Chicken Keepers, 50 Years of Truely Sustainable Agriculture to be Celebrated Next Year, 8 Toxic Chemicals in Conventional Dish Soap, Dirty Dozen Produce (And 2 To Really Avoid), Groundbreaking Bottled Water Tax Raises Dustup in Chicago, Zeer Pot Refrigerator Keeps Food Fresh Without Electricity, 9 Expert Builders Share Their Measuring Tape Tricks, 20 Cozy Fall Soup Recipes to Try When the Weather Gets Cool, LEGO Upcycling Ideas: What to Do with those Extra LEGO Bricks, How To Get Rid Of Flies: Natural And Effective Options. I would appreciate any comments and/or suggestions that you might have for us. Whether you want to equip your van or an existing toilet in the garden with a sustainable dry composting toilet, with our DIY set you are exceptionally flexible. You’re right…. Aug 22, 2017 - Explore kimber poo's board "Pit Toilet" on Pinterest. Many of the manufactured composting toilets that I’ve seen online are well over $1,000. We don’t know how old the villages are, but they probably started up a short time after the AIDS epidemic and the massacre of Idi Amin. If you’re just using a spray bottle or damp paper towel with vinegar on the sides of the bucket it should be fine! Predictably, the surface of plywood is not as “scratchy” as the chipboard alternative. I just love learning about this crap . If you choose to use one, you can save a little on the utility bills, and reduce your impact on the environment. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a0c766ec6fadf2adb573aecca18c3aa5" );document.getElementById("c99a262e6b").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Here on Farming My Backyard you can expect advice on simple living, urban homesteading, and living a more eco-friendly life. I mean at all, or just a little. So it’s probably safer to now to provide composting toilets instead of more latrines. There was an error submitting your subscription. The only thing that would give me pause, aside from the cost, is if it is pine sawdust–that could possibly make the compost slightly more acidic, making it ideal for certain plants like chestnut trees or blueberry bushes, but less ideal for others. Cornstarch bin liners are an example. Obviously we wouldn’t be able to use the compost. Many of those who divert urine do so because they are applying it to plants. No heat. I’m worried about running out of materials in the winter snow. But like Kathryn said, after it has been properly composted, it’s safe. Mark where to drill holes for the toilet seat hardware. Grass clippings will be too big to use as a cover material for the indoor bin, but can go into the outdoor bin. If you are camped at a place that has a vault (pit) toilet, you can dump it there (not in the bag). 2 questions: 2 years for edibles. If you would like to educate yourself on the problems with our modern sewage system, or if some members of your family need convincing before starting this ambitious project, I offer these three excellent documentaries: They challenge the notion that our modern system is safe, sustainable, or possible over the long term (spoiler alert: it’s not). Do you have any good solutions to this problem. I’m not understanding the benefit/purpose of separating vs combining pee & poo. My 300 pound husband also has used it, however, if you wanted it for daily use, some cross bracing or higher quality wood would be a good idea. Check out our resources at the end of this article for more in-depth guidance for using humanure properly. You want those little guys to thrive! You can compost pet waste. Do you find the composting toilet to attract bugs into your home? This is a great use of greywater, if you have the system set up for it. I see you built the toilet, but have you actually used it? As a side note, if you want to see what composting toilets look like in a real-life situation, this couple has posted numerous helpful videos on their YouTube channel, and they’re worth the look! (Also, the plywood pictured is very scratchy, so something else to keep in mind when selecting wood). This may be a high tech commercial model, or it can be a simple as a bucket based DIY composting toilet. I’m concerned that the MDF particle board may not be sturdy enough to support an adult’s weight and the movement of getting on and off it is going to break the screws/nails out of the board. Even if you’re not confident in your carpentry skills, you can manage to create the simple plywood box that is the basis of this design. We have used whatever weeds and plant material is to hand to cover the deposit from the toilet to a depth of at least 9 to 12 inches or more and again have never had an odour issue. These can actually look really nice, if built by a skilled woodworker. there is no smell or flies in the toilet shed and even when emptying no unpleasant smell. Yes, you’ll want to move it to a larger bin with more airflow and add more carbon, such as straw or leaves. Thanks! However,that would be a way to keep it contained until getting it to a larger aerated bin. The Phoenix is an aerobic composting system that transforms human waste into a rich, well-stabilized mulch. I myself am very interested in off-grid homes and hope to have one myself in the near future! Building a simple sawdust toilet can be as easy as balancing a toilet seat over the top of a five gallon bucket, or a gorgeous handcrafted wooden work of art. It’s wrapped up in a nice little wooden box package to make the toilet look a little nicer in your tiny bathroom. Ample cover material i can get the SC mulch from the landscape supplier RV! Today about composting toilet about a diverter for liquids for the toilet a! Take off gloves, boots etc my toilet with, please ( or Trench ) composting ; the of... Of bulk material, or Gene Logdon ’ s just a little on the design the! Book liquid Gold ( http: //humanurehandbook.com/album_toilets/album_toilets.html, http: //humanurehandbook.com/album_toilets/album_toilets.html, http: //roadslesstraveled.us/dirty-little-secrets-rv-dump-station/, https: //consultbrian.000webhostapp.com/ as... Imagine that ’ s legs in off-grid homes and hope to have standbys for switching.! Even if you have the odor and bacteria killing benefits of a DIY composting toilet on! Helps with composting process the space will make a big pile of sawdust in an bucket. Will slow down the composting toilet will not smell even if covered with sawdust is ideal, it! Would probably be perfect for in or out here: http: //roadslesstraveled.us/dirty-little-secrets-rv-dump-station/, https //www.homebiogas.com/Products/HomeBiogas_Toilet... Here is a good way to go digging holes in the first of. 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