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italian ww2 aircraft carrier

29th Dec 2020

However, the unique problems of naval aviation posed significant challenges to her prospective operations. Nonetheless, hypothetical interest in developing Italian aircraft carriers persisted. Damages from a heavy storm disrupted her conversion to a seaplane tender in 1925, which was nonetheless completed in 1927. Bureaucratic inefficiency, a skeptical military establishment, and industrial weakness ended the career of the ship before it began. 'Military Navy'; abbreviated as MM) is the Navy of the Italian Republic.It is one of the four branches of Italian Armed Forces and was formed in 1946 from what remained of the Regia Marina (Royal Navy) after World War II. However, even in her inaction, Aquila showed positively what the Italian military could accomplish. The passenger ship Augustus was first renamed Falco and then to Sparviero. Both proceeded from ideas developed in 1928-1930 as a faction milited for their development, in the country which invented the … The construction of ships such as the first-rate Zara cruisers and Littorio battleships swallowed her ship construction capacity. Sparviero, originally titled Falco, on the other hand, was a much more modest effort. Eight boilers powered four steam-geared turbines, which produced 151,000 shp and enabled Aquila to propel herself at 30 knots. She would have also been equipped with a single hangar with two lifts and fitted with a flight deck that ended 45 meters (148 ft) before the bow. She was originally the ocean liner MS Augustus. The Italian never was carrier. Sources on the plans for it are obscure and often contradictory. A simple conversion of the ocean liner MS Augustus into an auxiliary carrier laid in limbo until two disasters revived interest. She was an ambitious conversion that, completed sooner, might well have proven a formidable adversary for her British counterparts in the Mediterranean during World War II. The L6/40 light tank was developed prior to World War II and used by the Italian army from 1940 and on and was adopted by the Italian Army when officials learned of the design and expressed interest. The versatility of the carrier was demonstrated in November 1940 when HMS Illustrious … BANGKOK --A piece of prized World War II U.S. naval history, the wreckage of the aircraft carrier … This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Ironically, even the scrapping of the ship dragged on for years – beginning in 1946, completing in 1951. After all, Italy jutted out into the Mediterranean Sea and possessed bases on numerous Mediterranean islands. Fuel and ammunition storage enjoyed 76mm of armor protection. To transfer aircraft from one to the other, the ship possessed two 15m elevators. The interior carried 30-80mm of reinforced concrete protection, to protect the internals from splintering. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Aircraft Carrier Aquila. Although the Aquila was raised in 1946 it met the scrapyard in 1952. In mid-1940, as Italy prepared to enter the war as an ally of Germany, a design was prepared for a simple conversion of the fast liner Roma into an aircraft carrier, but again was deemed less of a priority than other construction and set aside in January 1941. The aircraft carrier officially supplanted the mighty battleship as the primary instrument of naval warfare during World War 2. It inspired Mussolini’s ambitious order to convert the ocean liner SS Roma to a fleet aircraft carrier, christened Aquila. Rounding out this defense, Aquila carried 132 20mm guns, in six-barreled mounts. Not until the Battle of Gaudo/Cape Matapan cost the Regia Marina an entire cruiser division later that year did they come onboard. Her air group was to be either 34 fighters or 16 fighters and 9 torpedo bombers. ... Caio To Italian Fleet At Taranto. Initially the Italian Navy considered refitting the Aquila for service as a carrier but this plan was abandoned and the ship broken up in 1952. There are a total of [ 67 ] WW2 Aircraft Carriers (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. The Italian high command was remarkably forward-thinking in regard to the role of aircraft in military operations. During the Munich Crisis of 1938, Admiral Sir Dudley Pound, the commander of the British Mediterranean Fleet, was concerned about the survival of the aircraft carrier HMS Glorious in the face of Italian opposition in the Mediterranean, and ordered his staff to re-examine all plans for attacking Taranto. Previously, the Regia Marina began a conversion of SS Roma, the sister of MS Augustus. After being captured by the Germans in 1943, they sank Sparviero in Genoa harbor a year later to deny the use of the port to the allies. A rare photo showing the aircraft carrier Sparviero under construction in 1942. She was originally the ocean liner MS Augustus. The conversion began in September 1942, the work undertaken by the Ansaldo Shipyard in Genoa. This is all extremely theoretical, however; the only work which the Genoa shipyards completed was the removal of the superstructure. Aquila was the more ambitious project of the Italian aircraft carrier program. There are a total of [ 58 ] WW2 Italian Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. Japanese and American fleet carriers were typically capable of carrying 50 to 90 aircraft into combat. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. He tends to move often; at the time of writing, he's somewhere between Tbilisi and Tirana. The eight heavy AA guns provided a powerful wall of flack against enemy planes. Practical reality triumphed over theoretic possibility, and no one could deny the necessity of aircraft carriers. With a folding wing variant, she’d have possessed a much more powerful striking arm. Her construction was start-stop, and the six years between 1936 to 1942 saw almost no work done. Co-belligerent Italian forces of the former Decima MAS partially sank the carrier on 19 April 1945 before another German attempt to scuttle the vessel to block the port of Genoa. … She bristled with a powerful defensive array consisting of 135mm and 20mm guns. List of countries that have operated aircraft carriers. The conversion was started in 1942 but was never completed, and the ship was never delivered to the Regia Marina. The small, slow ship carried 296 men, cruised at 21 knots, and carried only sixteen seaplanes. While construction of the Italian aircraft carriers Aquila and Sparviero eventually neared completion, neither was ever combat worthy. The primary task of the Regia Marina was to maintain parity with the navy of Italy’s chief rival, France. In two years, with fairly limited technical assistance, they completed a competent Italian aircraft carrier. On April 24, 1945, the ship was scuttled at Genoa. Images, videos and other multimedia published on comandosupremo.com qualifies as Fair Use under U.S. copyright law. The hull was captured by the Germans and was sunk on 5 October 1944 to block access to the port of Genoa. Though she was not built from the keel up and never attained operational status, Aquilais considered Italy’s first aircraft carrier. Feb 20, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Ronald Yoshioka@吉岡様. [citation needed] The propulsion plant was to remain unchanged, the diesel engines giving an estimated speed of under 20 knots. Aquila became the first, and only, aircraft carrier type to be considered / acted upon by the Italian government. All rights reserved. The Italian Navy (Italian: Marina Militare, lit. Despite her service in the Ethiopian and Spanish wars, this foray into the employment of naval aircraft found a dead end. The Aquila and Sparviero aircraft carriers were among the well-known unfinished ships of WW2. Discover (and save!) Italian Piaggio P.108 bomber in 1942 A list of aircraft used by Italy during … Section 107 specifies usage of copyright material falls under Fair Use when it is applied for criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching and research. Like other carrier warships of the period, Aquila was built atop the framework of an existing ship, in this case the trans-Atlantic passenger liner SS Roma. your own Pins on Pinterest If one felt harsh, they might say Sparviero’s life began and ended with a whimper. During the 1920s and 1930s, debate raged among the Italian high command. While Aquila represented an impressive reconstruction, the internals from the luxury liner days of MS Augustus largely remained within Sparviero. Aquila was the more ambitious project of the Italian aircraft carrier program. Her diesel propulsion would’ve provided a speed around 20 knots, the small hangar could only afford a 34-fighter air group. Give an example of military prowess by choosing the right equipment, crew, and escort for the mission. Apart from removing the superstructure little else was done before the Italian capitulation in September 1943. The significant establishment forces standing against aircraft carrier construction did not prevent experimentation. However, the Italian military objected to the program on grounds of complexity and expense. By the time of the 1943 Armistice of Cassibile, she had progressed further along than her sister and neared completion. The Aquila aircraft carrier moored at the port of Genoa in 1946. Accept Read More, Italian Aircraft Carriers of World War Two, Fiat–Revelli Modello 1935 History and Specifications, Whitehead Torpedo: Its Origin and Italian Adaptation, Caproni Campini N.1: World’s Second Jet Aircraft, Giovanni Messe: Italy’s Best WWII General, 151,000 shp (113,000 kW) 4 Steam Turbines, (8) 135 mm guns (12) 65 mm guns (132) 20 mm anti-aircraft cannons, (8) 135 mm guns (12) 65 mm guns (22) 20 mm anti-aircraft cannons. Genoa Harbor, 1943 only to produce another auxiliary carrier was prepared the available fleet resources she d. To propel herself at 30 knots eight heavy AA guns provided a powerful wall of flack enemy... Folding-Wing aircraft and it suffered considerable damage from Allied bombardment while moored the! Advanced equipment, crew, officers and planes during WW2 her conversion to a fleet aircraft carrier moored the. Finally scrapped in 1951 Navy intended to use her to develop tactics and for! 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